Maryland

Maryland welcomes you with charming coastal towns, beautiful nature parks, historical highlights, and a million sailboats. Follow us to the Chesapeake Bay and enjoy the sweet life by the sea!

Maryland facts

Capital: Annapolis
Area: 32,000 km²
Population: about 6.2 million
Location: Northeast of the USA
Nickname: The Old Line State, The Free State
Hotspots: Ocean City, Fort McHenry, Chesapeake Bay
Time zone: UTC -5 (Eastern)

Maryland: location & population

Maryland is one of the oldest US states and lies in the Northeast of the country. It borders Pennsylvania to the North, Delaware to the East, West Virginia to the West, and Virginia, as well as Washington D.C. to the South.

In terms of area, Maryland is a comparatively small state, ranking only 42nd out of 50. Like most New England states, however, it is very populous. In fact, Maryland ranks fifth among the most densely populated states, behind New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. Most of the population lives in the central Baltimore metropolitan area, which is also part of the Boswash megalopolis.

The largest cities in Maryland

Based on population, the largest cities in Maryland are:

Stadt Einwohner
Baltimore 586,000
Columbia 105,000
Germantown 91,000
Waldorf 81,000
Silver Spring 81,000

Nature and climate

Despite its small size, Maryland has varied landscapes. In the West, the peaks of the Allegheny Mountains rise to over 1,000 m in altitude. The Piedmont region in the center is dominated by rolling hills with oak and pine forests.

The Eastern part of Maryland is dominated by water, more precisely by the Chesapeake Bay. Before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean, a total of nine rivers form this huge bay, which is considered the largest estuary in the USA. It influences both the climate and economic activity throughout the state of Maryland.

The flat Eastern part of the Old Line State is part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain and has a humid subtropical climate. Summers are warm with up to 30 °C, and winters are short and mild with lows of -2 °C.

Best time to travel to Maryland

In spring and fall, you'll find both optimal travel weather and modest visitor numbers in Maryland.

Maryland in spring

The best time to discover Maryland and its sights is from April to June before the peak summer travel season begins. With pleasant temperatures and plenty of sunshine, great events await you, for example, the "Maryland Film Festival" or the "Maryland Craft Beer Festival."

Maryland in autumn

By the end of August, most beach vacationers leave Maryland, and you can benefit from moderate hotel prices. Although autumn in Maryland can be a bit rainy and windy, it offers great event highlights such as the “Maryland Seafood Festival” in Annapolis and the “Maryland Fleet Week & Air Show” in Baltimore.

Traveling to Maryland

If you're flying into Maryland, you'll likely arrive at Baltimore-Washington International Airport, where Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, and United Airlines, among others, take off and land.

However, there are hardly any direct flights from Maryland to Europe. The only connections we could find were overnight flights from Baltimore to London Heathrow at a price of around € 700. In most cases, a stopover is necessary, for example, in Charlotte, New York City, or Toronto in Canada.

The densely populated US East Coast is home to a number of international airports. If you want to travel to Maryland, you should definitely also check for flights to New York JFK, Newark, or Philadelphia. You can usually find a good deal on a ticket. The Northeastern United States has a well-developed road and rail network, so you can get to Maryland quickly with a rental car or the AMTRAK express trains.

Travel authorization Maryland

Don't forget: If you are not a US citizen or Green Card holder, you will need a visa or ESTA to enter Maryland.

ESTA – visa-free to the USA

With an ESTA, you can stay 90 days visa-free in the USA. Apply online now!

Airport transfer in Maryland

Baltimore-Washington International Airport is located about 13 km to the South of Baltimore, near the town of Glen Burnie. When you land there, you have the following options to get to your accommodation:

Public transport from Baltimore Airport

MTA Light Rail trains run from the lower level of the main terminal to downtown Baltimore, Timonium, and Hunt Valley. The one-way ticket price is $ 1.90.

Shuttle from Baltimore Airport

At the Baltimore Airport, you have the option to book a shuttle. They depart from zone 4. Your hotel may even offer a free hotel transfer. In this case, you will be picked up in zones 1 or 3. It is best to contact your hotel directly for more information.

Taxi from Baltimore Airport

Cabs are available in Maryland at the prime rate of $ 3.00. For each kilometer driven, you pay an additional $ 1.86.

State Parks and natural wonders in Maryland

There are 37 State Parks, 6 State Wildlife Management Areas, 5 State Forests, and 4 National Wildlife Refuges within the state boundaries of Maryland. These are the most beautiful landscapes:

Cunningham Falls State Park

Cunningham Falls State Park, located West of Thurmont, is home to Cunningham Falls, the longest cascading waterfall in Maryland. This popular recreation area is also a hiker's paradise, with a variety of trails ranging from short, flat trails for beginners to challenging, rocky sections for experienced hikers!

Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge

A few miles away from the city of Cambridge, you will find the marshes of the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge. The region on Maryland's Eastern Shore is a popular destination for birdwatchers, as migratory birds passing through flock to the pristine landscape for a break. From the visitor center, you can head out for a hike or a cruise along the Wildlife Drive.

Assateague State Park

Assateague Island with Assateague State Park is located on a barrier island off Maryland's coast. On the Eastern side of the island, you'll find a long stretch of beach on the Atlantic Ocean, perfect for swimming and surfing in the summer. On the sheltered side, you can enjoy fishing and canoeing. Assateague Island is also known for its wild horses, which you are sure to see running across the dunes and grasslands while touring the island.

Top 10 sightseeing highlights in Maryland

These ten sights are a must-see when you travel to the Old Line State of Maryland:

  • Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
  • Baltimore Museum of Art
  • Walters Art Museum
  • American Visionary Art Museum
  • Antietam National Battlefield
  • Deep Creek Lake
  • Great Falls of the Potomac River
  • George Peabody Library
  • National Aquarium
  • Maryland Zoo

City highlights in Maryland

If you want to discover exciting city highlights, you have to check out Maryland's two most important towns, Baltimore and Annapolis.

City highlights Baltimore

Baltimore welcomes you with a wide range of cultural and recreational facilities. Follow in the footsteps of Navy history with a visit to the museum ship USS Constellation, tour the city's many great art museums, and enjoy the enchanting scenery at the Botanical Gardens.

These city highlights are waiting for you in Baltimore:

  • Fort McHenry National
  • Monument and Historic Shrine
  • Baltimore Museum of Art
  • Walters Art Museum
  • American Visionary Art Museum
  • National Aquarium

City highlights Annapolis

Maryland's capital Annapolis looks back on a long naval tradition and is therefore also known as the "Sailing Capital of the USA." The picturesque coastal town is home to the long-standing US Naval Academy, the former governor's palace William Paca House, and St. Anne's Church.

Be impressed by these city highlights in Annapolis:

  • Maryland State House
  • William Paca House & Garden
  • Annapolis Maritime Museum & Park
  • Banneker-Douglass Museum
  • Hammond-Harwood House

Roadtrip in Maryland

Our tour of Maryland begins in Baltimore Harbor, where you'll get an exciting glimpse into American history. Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine is a former military stronghold that was especially important during the British-American War. It was the inspiration for Francis Scott Key's poem "The Defense of Fort McHenry," which later served as the lyrics to the American national anthem. While you're on the waterfront, you should also pay a visit to the USS Constellation. It is the last sailing ship from the Civil War era that has been preserved to this day.

We then drive about 150 km South to the mouth of the Potomac River, where you can visit the St. Mary's City Historic District. Here, European immigrants founded the fourth settlement on American soil in 1634. The buildings from the early colonial period were reconstructed in the 1960s and are accessible to visitors as an open-air museum.

We then continue to Norfolk at the Southernmost end of Maryland and cross the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. The gigantic structure spans the Chesapeake Bay over a length of almost 7 km and was the longest overwater steel structure in the world when it was completed in 1952.

At the other end of the bridge, the Delmarva Peninsula and Ocean City, Maryland's most famous tourist destination, await us. Here, we check into one of the many beach hotels, take a spin on the Ferris wheel, relax on the 16 km long dream beach, and end our day with a walk along Ocean City's famous Boardwalk.

Instagram hotspots in Maryland

We bet you'll want to share your Maryland travels with your friends and followers. Some of the best photo opportunities in the Old Line State can be found at these five locations:

  • Boardwalk of Ocean City
  • Hafen of Baltimore
  • Altstadt of Annapolis
  • Assateague State Park
  • Cunningham Falls

Food and drinks in Maryland

The state of Maryland has a lot of seafood but also sweet and savory dishes on the menu. How about these regional specialties?

  • Steamed Crabs
  • Smith Island Cake (cake consisting of nine thin cake layers and chocolate icing layers)
  • Chicken Maryland (breaded and fried chicken with cream sauce)
  • White Potato Pie (sweet cake made from mashed potatoes, butter, sugar, salt, baking powder, whipped cream, milk, eggs, vanilla, and nutmeg)
  • Maryland Crab Cakes (cake made from crab meat, mayonnaise, eggs, bread crumbs, milk, and spices)

Maryland fun facts

Do you want to learn even more about the state of Maryland? You may not have heard of these interesting facts yet:

  • The state of Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England, wife of King Charles I.
  • When the King Williams School opened in Annapolis in 1696, it was the first school in the United States.
  • The lyrics of the American national anthem were written by Francis Scott Key of Maryland. In 1814, he wrote the poem "The Defence of Fort McHenry," later known as "The Star-Spangled Banner," which was subsequently put to music by composer John Stafford Smith.
  • The first long-distance telegram was received in Maryland in 1844. Samuel B. Morse sent it to his assistant, Albert Vail, in Baltimore when he demonstrated the functioning of the telegraph before Congress in Washington, D.C.
  • The US Naval Academy in Maryland has been training American naval officers since 1845.
  • In 1901, Dr. Florence Rina Sabin became the first female professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore.

Immigrate to Maryland

You have fallen for Maryland's charms and wish to stay forever? Read the following tips that will help you get closer to your dream of immigrating to the Old Line State.

Working in Maryland

Maryland is one of the wealthiest states. Thus, the small state, which also benefits from its proximity to Washington, D.C. has the highest density of millionaires and the lowest poverty rate in the country. The economy is diverse but particularly prosperous in high technology, bio-sciences, manufacturing, international trade, and other services.

Living in Maryland

Unfortunately, Maryland's economic success is also accompanied by a high cost of living. Overall, they are about 13 % higher than the US average in the Old Line State, and as much as 26 % higher in Annapolis. If you want to find the most affordable place to live in Maryland, check out the cities of Arbutus, Bel Air, Brunswick, Easton, Glenarden, or White Marsh.

To Maryland with a Green Card

You cannot imagine anything better than living in Maryland? If so, you need a Green Card to be allowed to stay in the United States indefinitely. The US government gives away a total of 55,000 of the highly popular immigrant visas every year through the Green Card Lottery. Sign up now and take your chance!

Green Card Lottery

Win one of 55,000 Green Cards in the official Green Card Lottery of the US authorities!