Franklin Delano Roosevelt

In office: 1933-1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945) 

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was from 1933 to 1945 the president of the United States.

Roosevelt came from one of the wealthiest and most noble families in New York and has been very distantly related to the 26th U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. He had private lessons until his 14th year of life and in 1896 he was at the most exclusive private school in the United States.

After Roosevelt studied at the Harvard University for four years and then studied law at the Columbia University, he worked as a lawyer in New York. During his time as a undersecretary of the Navy he came down with polio, from which he retained a walking disability. As a result he retired from politics. When he recovered in 1928, Roosevelt was elected as governor of the New York State.

Wife: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962), wedding on March 17, 1905

Children: Anna Eleanor (1906-1975), James (1907-1991), Elliott (1910-1990), Franklin Delano, Jr. (1914-1988), John Aspinwall (1916-1981)

Profession: civil servant, lawyer

Presidential orientation: Democrat

Presidential salary: USD 75,000/year

Results of the presidential election:

Year

 

Popular Votes

Electoral Votes

 1932

 Franklin D. Roosevelt

 22,809,638

 472

 

 Herbert C. Hoover

 15,758,901

 59

 1936

 Franklin D. Roosevelt

 27,752,869

 523

 

 Alfred M. Landon

 16,674,665 

 8

 1940

 Franklin D. Roosevelt

 27,307,819

 449

 

 Wendell L. Willkie

 22,321,018

 82

 1944

 Franklin D. Roosevelt

 25,606,585

 432

 

 Thomas E. Dewey

 22,014,745

 99

 

Vice Presidents: John N. Garner (1933-1941), Henry A. Wallace (1941-1945), Harry S. Truman (1945)

Presidency (1933-1945):

For the presidential elections in 1932, Herbert Clark Hoover was clearly outnumbered by his opponent Roosevelt. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times in total in the presidency.

Roosevelt's policy of "New Deal" dealt successfully with the combat of the economic crisis in the United States with the aid of different economic and social reforms. In addition to massive investments by the state, the introduction of a social security system, the reduction of working hours and the repeal of prohibition, America came off from the gold standard and established diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.

During World War II, Roosevelt contributed significantly to define the agenda of the Allied war against Nazi Germany. He also developed the Lend-Lease Act ("Lend-Lease Program"), with which it was possible for England and Russia to lend U.S. weapons, although the United States first tried to remain neutral in World War II.

Shortly before the end of the Second World War, Roosevelt died in Warm Springs, Georgia of a cerebral hemorrhage.

Points of interest:

Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only U.S. President who has ruled for more than two terms. He was elected four times in total in this office.

Nickname: FDR

"A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned how to walk forward." (Franklin D. Roosevelt)

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