Vermont is famous for its idyllic mountain landscape and the most favourite Maple Syrup.
77% of the area is covered with broadleaf forests, especially maple trees. The Lake Champlain and the Green Mountains belong to the most favourite recreational area.
So that is the reason why Vermont is also called the “Green Mountain State”.
Many affluent people from the city usually own a weekend house in the area so they can enjoy the Indian summer and the beautiful snowy winter.
The state capital is Montpelier which is at the same time the smallest state capital in the U.S.
The beautiful scenery and landscape attract many tourists to Vermont, in fall the leaves turn to a bright colour – the Indian summer! Rivers and lakes invite to water wanderings and fishing trips (the idea of fly fishing for instance comes from Vermont). The mountains offer many possibilities like: hiking, trekking camping and winter sports.
There is a saying that claims that the “Vermonters” deep inside are so sweet like Maple syrup and outside as hard as marble, the saying is due to the fact that Vermont is considered to be the stronghold or heartland of marble handicraft and maple syrup production.
Originally the State was settled by the Indian tribes Iroquois, Algonquians and Manaquins.
The French discoverer Samuel de Champlain named in 1609 the Mountain around the Lake Champlain as “Les Verts Mont”, later on the French name was anglicised, Green Mountains.
In 1763 Paris signed an Agreement ending the war between the French and the Indians then the territory was transferred to the British. Some parts of the region were for sometime controlled by the States of New York and New Hampshire. The “Green Mountain Boys” fought under Ethan Allen command against the English, culminating with the famous conquest of Fort Ticonderoga.
Vermont declared itself independent on the 18th of January 1777. First was called “New Connecticut”, in Juli 1777 changed to Vermont. During this time the Constitution was presented and then ratified. It was the first written Constitution of an independent State in North America. In 1791 Vermont was admitted as the 14th State of the Union. The first Governor was Thomas Chittenden.