Tennessee

Tennessee

The Volunteer State

The name Tennessee derived from the word Tanasi, which is a small Native American settlement close to the Tennessee River. 

One of Tennessee's nicknames is "The Volunteer State", which is dated back to the time of the American Revolutionary War, in which numerous citizens fought voluntarily for their country.
The capital of Tennessee is Nashville, the centre of country music ("Music City U.S.A."). A lot of music labels and publisher are located in Nashville. The so called Studio B of RCA recorded several famous hits. The headquarter of the Country Music Association (CMA) and the Country Music Hall of Fame is located in Nashville, as well. The annual CMA award is the most famous event in Tennessee.

Tennessee - the first state to abolish slavery

11,000 years ago the Paleo Indians colonized the area, which today is Tennessee. From 1539 until 1543 the Spanish Hernando de Soto explored the region east of the Mississippi River. With the settling of the European colonists, most of the native were driven away to the south and west, especially the tribes of the Muskogee and Yuchi. Before being founded, the territory was governed by North Carolina and known as the south-west-territory, which was lawless for a long time, since the government of North Carolina hasn't been able to establish an adequate administration.
Between 1785 and 1790 the attempt to found the first state of the USA "Franklin" failed due to conflicts with the government North Carolina and several Attacks by the Native Americans.
On June 1st in 1796 Tennessee joined the U.S. as the 16th state. Between 1838 and 1839 the Cherokees were driven out of Tennessee to Arkansas- an event called "Trail of Tears".
As the last state Tennessee broke with the U.S. and joined the Confederacy of America on June 2nd 1981. The abolition of slavery was ratified in the new constitution of Tennessee on February 22nd 1865.Tennessee was one of the first states to rejoin the U.S.A. as well.

In the 20th century Tennessee experienced an enormous economic boom. Due to the "Oak Ridge National Laboratory" Tennessee became one of the main industrial bases.

During the 1960´s and 70´s civil rights movements dominated the every day life. Among those African Protestants arose the popular Martin Luther King Jr., who called for civil disobedience against the governmentally approved discrimination of the Black population in the South of the U.S.A. Those movements attracted attention worldwide and went down as the best known civil rights movement of the history.

For further information visit:
http://www.state.tn.us/
http://www.amerika-live.de/usa/tennessee/

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